At the end of January 2021 the polish government imposed a near-total ban on abortions. The ruling, which was handed down by Poland's constitutional tribunal court in October 2020, states that abortions may only be permitted in cases of rape, incest or when the mother's life is in danger. Such cases accounted for just 2.4 percent of the countries abortions in 2019. Poland’s abortion laws were already among the strictest in Europe however this ruling will prevent abortions even in the case of fatal abnormalities in the unborn child.
This sparked nation wide protests, some the biggest in the countries recent history, however it did not stop the ruling going through forcing polish women to seek abortions abroad. The court justified its ruling on the grounds that "an unborn child is a human being" and therefore deserves protection under Poland's constitution which ensures the right to life. The country is dominantly catholic, with the catholic church stating that life begins at conception.
While many believe it is the mothers right to choose whether she has an abortion or not, others have religious, moral or political alignments that lead to them to think abortion is wrong. There are currently twenty six countries where all forms of abortion are illegal. In thirty seven countries abortion is illegal unless it is to save the mother life or preserve her health.
Nobody is ever right to enforce restrictions on others when it comes to their own bodies.
It is a women’s fundamental right to have control over her own body. It is not the place of a government to legislate against women’s choices, and a more or less compulsory pregnancy contradicts the fight for freedom for all. It is illegal to take organs from the deceased that have not given permission to do so as it is their right what happens to there body aka bodily autonomy. If we continue this right after death why do we not give it to pregnant women?
Abortion is not an easy choice, but if the mother feels it’s the only or best choice, it is her fundamental human right to choose what she does to her body.
Regardless of whether abortions are made illegal, abortions will still be carried out however they will not be done in safe conditions and the health and life of the mother will be threatened. This is backed up by The worlds health organisation’s recent search into the number of abortions in all countries, whether it is legal or not. They found that the legality of abortions had little to no effect on the number that occurred every year. They also estimated that between 4.7% - 13.2% of maternal deaths are due to unsafe abortions, and around 7 million women are permitted to hospital world wide after unsafe abortion attempts using dangerous objects such as knitting needles, broken glass or sticks.
By putting restrictions on abortions you only restrict safe abortions for the poor. The rich will always have access to safe abortions, whether they travel to a country to have one where it is legal or bribe the doctors in their own. The poor however, do not have that luxury and should they see the pregnancy through to the birth of the child, and not risk fatal injuries from having an unsafe abortion, they will not have the sufficient funds to support their new family propelling them further into poverty. The World Health Organisation has found poverty, or lack of sufficient funds, to be the main reason young women seek out abortions.
Abortions need to be legalised, safe and an option for every women to choose.